The government’s vision for PNPM Peduli is to restore dignity for those who have been marginalized. It is about creating a just society where every man, woman, child and transgender person is recognized, respected and valued, and has the freedom to act and make choices about the quality of her/his life. PNPM Peduli exists to learn about pathways to inclusion through influencing government policies, regulations, CSO approaches and societal norms in ways that enhance people’s ability to realize their potential.
Inclusive and equitable growth and realising the potential of all citizens for economic and social development is a priority for the Government of Indonesia, as reflected in the National Development Plan (RPJMN). PNPM Peduli is about joining forces with grassroots civil society organizations (CSOs) and community groups to empower the most marginalized. The program targets those who do not ordinarily benefit from existing poverty reduction programs. Unlike many other PNPM programs, Peduli is driven by Indonesia civil society organizations.
PNPM Peduli pilot was officially launched in March 2011 and Grant Agreements were signed in June 2011 between the PSF and three national CSOs – or Executing Organizations (EOs) – Association for Community Empowerment (ACE), Kemitraan and Lakpesdam/Nahdlatul Ulama (NU). The three organisations have awarded sub-grants to 39 local CSOs/community-based organizations, and 30 NU branches. Activities at the local level began in October 2011. In its pilot phase PNPM Peduli partners with different types of CSOs that are working with a range of marginalized groups including garbage collectors, poor migrant workers, peddy cab drivers, boatless fisherfolk, indigenous people, sex workers, unemployed youth, victims of domestic violence and poor farmers.
Activities are being implemented in 231 villages in 91 districts across 24 provinces throughout Indonesia, reaching 9,423 marginalized individuals to date (62% female, 33% male and 5% transgender) who are connected to one of the 404 community groups being strengthened by the Program. The program mix - livelihood improvement (89%), access to services (10%) and rights and social justice (1%) – reflects the demand from beneficiaries. To date 71 business groups have also been established and are run by marginalized groups.