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    Publication Year:
    2016
    Author

    PNPM Support Facility


    PNPM's quick national scale-up from 2007 strained the facilitator recruitment process, their performance management, oversight and training, given the massive scale at which PNPM was implemented. Combined with some reported community fatigue from the repeated planning cycles, the possibility that enthusiasm for public participation could wane over time was recognized, including risks that community voice - especially that of the poor and marginalized - could diminish. Creative Communities is an effort to improve PNPM outcomes by conducting cultural activities that enhanced citizen participation and the community empowerment process in village planning. This publication summarized the achievements, results and lessons from implementation of Creative Communities Phase I in 2007 and Phase II on April 2013 to March 2015.