At the request of the National Team for Poverty Reduction (TNP2K) and the Vice-President, a census of basic village infrastructure, including health and education, has been conducted using the 2011 round of PODES, the national village census. Based on the information from both the infrastructure census and the PODES core census, the objective of this analysis is twofold. First, the in-depth information on the quantity and quality of existing infrastructure is used for a comprehensive assessment of the local-level availability of basic facilities and services. In particular, indicators that measure the supply readiness of health and education services are developed for all districts and sub-districts in Indonesia. Second, based on the analysis of local patterns of available infrastructure, this study aims to quantify existing gaps in health, education and transportation infrastructure.